Folloing an accident, a TBI is not always an obvious injury. These are sometimes referred to as invisible injuries. Often, it is family, friends or co-workers who first initiates a diagnosis for a TBI victim. For family, friends, teachers, co-workers, etc. the victim's behavior may appear different. These changes may correspond to particular areas of the brain that have been injured.
The following describes how impaired function can be traced to each specific lobe of the brain:
Frontal Lobe/Observed Problems
• Loss of simple movement of various body parts (paralysis);
• Inability to plan a sequence of complex movements needed to complete multi-stepped tasks, such as making coffee (sequencing);
• Loss of spontaneity in interacting with others;
• Loss of flexibility in thinking;
• Persistence of a single thought (preservation);
• Inability to focus on task (attending);
• Mood changes (emotionally labile);
• Changes in social behavior;
• Changes in personality;
• Difficulty with problem solving;
• Inability to express language (Broca’s Aphasia).
Parietal Lobe/Observed Problems
• Inability to attend to more than one object at a time;
• Inability to name an object (anomia);
• Inability to locate the words for writing (agraphia);
• Problems with reading (alexia);
• Difficulty with drawing objects;
• Difficulty in distinguishing left from right;
• Difficulty with doing mathematics (dyscalculia);
• Lack of awareness of certain body parts and/or surroundings space (apraxia);
• Inability to focus visual attention;
• Difficulty with eye and hand coordination.
Occipital Lobe:/Observed Problems
• Defects in vision (visual field cuts);
• Difficulty with locating objects in environment;
• Difficulty with identifying colors (color agnosia);
• Production of hallucinations;
• Visual illusions—inaccurately seeing objects;
• Word blindness—inability to recognize words;
• Difficulty in recognizing drawn objects;
• Inability to recognize the movement of an object (movement agnosia);
• Difficulty with reading and writing.
Temporal Lobe/Observed Problems
• Difficulty in recognizing faces (prosopagnosia);
• Difficulty in understanding spoken words (Wernicke’s aphasia);
• Disturbance with selective attention to what we see and hear;
• Difficulty with identification of, and verbalization about objects;
• Short-term memory loss;
• Interference with long-term memory;
• Increased or decreased interest in sexual behavior;
• Inability to categorize objects (categorization);
• Right lobe damage can cause persistent talking;
• Increased aggressive behavior.
Brain Stem/Observed Problems
• Decreased vital capacity in breathing, important for speech;
• Swallowing food and water (dysphagia);
• Difficulty with organization/perception of the environment;
• Problems with balance and movement;
• Dizziness and nausea (vertigo);
• Sleeping difficulties (insomnia, sleep apnea).
• Loss of ability to coordinate fine movements;
• Loss of ability to walk;
• Inability to reach out and grab objects;
• Dizziness (vertigo);
• Slurred speech (scanning speech);
• Inability to make rapid movements.
A Lawyer with Experience in TBI Cases Can Help.
If you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury due to an accident, an Ontario injury lawyer can assist. We are experienced in representing injury victims and those with TBI following an accident.
Contact our Toronto and York Region injury law firm for a complimentary consultation.
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